Daily Exercise Requirements: 20 – 30 minutes (walk or playtime)
Lifespan: 12 – 15 years
Coat Length: Short smooth
Weight: 7 – 10 Kg (14 – 18lbs)
Height: 25 – 30cm (10 – 12inches)
General Information :
Good things come in small packages, and this is certainly the case with a Pug. The small dogs have a large personality, love being the centre of attention and are well known as clowns for their clumsy, humorous nature.
Originating in China, the dogs were thought of as prized possessions and lived in luxury. The breed quickly spread to Europe when trading with China began and the pug became immediately popular, especially with royalty. The word Pug is derived from a Latin word meaning ‘fist’ which is thought to be a reference to the face of the dog.
A pug is loyal to its owner and thrives off companionship, the dog will follow you around the house, sit on your lap when you are reading a book and will want to sleep in your bed. It breaks its heart if the dog feels ignored.
This very inactive, low maintenance, breed is perfect for living in apartments with no garden/yard. They require very little space and exercise and are not prone to chewing or digging. However, some pugs are very ‘yappy’ which could cause issues with neighbours, they will also frequently wheeze, snort and snore, though some find this adorable.
The dogs first love is its owner and a close second is its food. You will need to monitor how much the dog eats to avoid it becoming obese. Luckily pugs are very playful and with a little exercise a healthy body weight can easily be maintained.
A 20 – 30-minute walk or playtime in the apartment is often enough for your pug, however due to having a short nose (dogs use big noses to regulate body temperature) the breed struggles in high and low temperatures and must remain indoors during these weather conditions.
The happy and affectionate dog is very intelligent and can be trained well, but persistent and patient training is required as the dogs are very wilful and can become stubborn.
Pugs are great with children, as long as a child is not expecting a lot of playtime, and if well trained is great with smaller animals such as guinea pigs and rabbits.
Despite a very short coat, pugs shed a lot of hair, especially in summer. Brushing every few days and a bath once a month will minimise shedding, however frequent vacuuming will be necessary.
A pug’s face wrinkles must be cleaned weekly and thoroughly dried as otherwise they will become a breeding ground for infections.
Regular nail cutting, and ear cleaning is required. A tooth clean twice a week is required to avoid gum disease. As always, as you groom your dog, examine it for any health problems.